The Relationship Model among Transformational Leadership, Work Engagement, and Job Performance of Head Nurses

Main Article Content

Chutikarn Jamlongkun
Phechnoy Singchungchai
Kannikar Chatdokmaiprai

Abstract

 The purpose of this research was to test the structural equation model of transformational leadership, work engagement, and job performance. The samples were 269 head nurses working in general hospitals. A total of 269 head nurses were selected using Stratified Random Sampling. The research instruments were questionnaires. The questionnaires’ confidence value was evaluated using Cronbach’s Alpha and construct validity through element analysis. The background information of the respondents was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The structural equation model was employed to analyze the causal relationships. The verification of the model’s consistency was conducted relying on hypothesis and empirical data. The study revealed that both transformational leadership and work engagement of head nurses have a positive direct impact on job performance. On the other hand, change leadership along with job engagement have a statistically significant indirect impact on job performance. The structural equation model of change leadership, job engagement, and job performance is congruent with the empirical data. (P-value = 0.069, CMIN/DF = 1.49, GFI = 0.97, AGFI = 0.95, CFI= 1.00, SRMR= 0.023, RMSEA = 0.043). Seventy-eight per cent of all the variables (R2 = 0.78) can predict the job performance of head nurses. These findings suggest that administrators should adhere to developing head nurses to fulfil their roles and promote change leadership and work engagement to achieve the requirements.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
บทความวิจัย (Research Article)

References

Abdelhadi, N., & Drach-Zahavy, A. (2012). Promoting patient care: Work engagement as a mediator between ward service climate and patient-centered care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(6), 1276-1287.

Abbott, A. M. (2012). Effects of Influence on perceived leadership effectiveness and employee engagement. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/openview/0a4c2b032e1447ae1c6a6db8c49a993d/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750&diss=y

Bakker, A. B., & Albrecht, S. (2018). Work engagement: Current trends. Career Development International, 23(1), 4-11.

Bakker, A. B., & Bal, P. M. (2010). Weekly work engagement and performance: A study among starting teachers. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 83(1), 189-206.

Bakker, A. B., Albrecht, S., & Leiter, M. P. (2011). Key questions regarding work engagement. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 20(1), 4-28.

Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1994). Improving organizational effectiveness through transformational leadership. London: Sage Publication.

Buchakun C., Singchungchai P., & Chatdokmaiprai K. (2020). Leadership and work engagement of staff nurses: A systematic review. Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses, 20(2), 453-463. [in Thai]

Bureau of Nursing, Office of Permanent Secretary. (2017). Nursing manual for important data collection. Retrieved from http://www.nursing.go.th/ITNurse/Report2556-2560.pdf [in Thai]

Bureau of Nursing, Office of Permanent Secretary. (2018). Roles and duties of Registered Nurses. Nonthaburi: Publishing of Suetawan. [in Thai]

Demerouti, E., Xanthopoulou, D., Tsaousis, I., & Bakker, A. B. (2014). Disentangling task and contextual performance. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 13(2), 59-69

Enwereuzor, I. K., Ugwu, L. I., & Eze, O. A. (2018). How transformational leadership influences work engagement among nurses: Does person–job fit matter?. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 40(3), 346-366.

Goodman, S. A., & Svyantek, D. J. (1999). Person-organization fit and contextual performance: Do shared values matter. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 55(2), 254-275.

Gupta, K. K., Attri, J. P., Singh, A., Kaur, H., & Kaur, G. (2016). Basic concepts for sample size calculation: Critical step for any clinical trials. Saudi Journal of Anesthesia, 10(3), 328-331

Hair, J., Black, W., Babin, B., & Anderson, R. (2010). Multivariate data analysis (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Josephine, B. F. (2014). A structural model of job satisfaction, work engagement, and burnout on the organizational citizenship behavior of teachers. Retrieved from https://www.slideshare.net/JosephineBargayoFabian/fabian-pp-tb-may-19-2014

Jyoti, J., & Bhau, S. (2015). Impact of transformational leadership on job performance: Mediating role of leader-member exchange and relational identification. SAGE Open, 5(4), 1-13.

Kahn, W. A. (1990). Psychological conditions of engagement and disengagement at work. Academy of Management Journal, 33(4), 692-724.

Kim, W., Kolb, J. A., & Kim, T. (2013). The relationship between work engagement and performance: A review of empirical literature and a proposed research agenda. Human Resource Development Review, 12(3), 248-276.

Kittimanont, H. (2014). A causal model of health professional personnel performances in the university hospitals in Thailand (Doctoral dissertation). Christian University, Nakhon Pathom. [in Thai]

Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30(3), 607-610.

Lewis, H. S., & Cunningham, C. J. (2016). Linking nurse leadership and work characteristics to nurse burnout and engagement. Nursing Research, 65(1), 13-23.

Manning, J. (2016). The influence of nurse manager leadership style on staff nurse work engagement. JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration, 46(9), 438-443.

Marquis, B. L., & Huston, C. J. (2017). Leadership roles and management functions in nursing: Theory and application (9th ed.). Philadelphia, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Matula, P., & Uon, V. (2016). A causal relationship model work engagement affecting organizational citizenship behavior and job performance of professional nursing. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 24(5), 1600-1605. [in Thai]

Mehmood, M., Awais, M., Rahat, Q., Raza, S., & Khalid, U. (2017). Achieving organizational effectiveness through employee engagement: A role of leadership style in workplace. International Journal of Engineering and Information Systems, 1(9), 41-49.

Motyka, B. (2018). Employee engagement and performance: A systematic literature review. International Journal of Management and Economics, 54(3), 227-244.

Othman, N., & Ghazali, Z. (2017). Work engagement in nursing: Do job demands and resources really matter?. Science International, 29(2), 411-411.

Salanova, M., Lorente, L., Chambel, M. J., & Martı´Nez, I. M. (2011). Linking transformational Leadership to nurses’ extra-role performance: The mediating role of self-efficacy and work engagement. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 67(10), 2256-2266.

Schaufeli, W. B., & Bakker, A. B. (2010). Defining and measuring work engagement: Bringing clarity to the concept. In A. B. Bakker & M. P. Leiter (Eds.), Work engagement: A handbook of essential theory and research (p10-24). New York: Psychology Press.

Schaufeli, W. B., Bakker, A. B., & Salanova, M. (2006). The measurement of work engagement with a short questionnaire: A cross-national study. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66(4), 701-716.

Wongcharoen W., Singchungchai P., Wongkhomthong P., & Meehanpong P. (2018). The structural equation model of leadership of in-patient unit head nurses as perceived by professional nurses, nurses’ work engagement, and job performance of professional nurses in community hospitals. Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses, 19(3), 97-106. [in Thai]