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Reduction costs of animal rations for cattle farmers by Participatory Action Research (PAR) in Tumbon Tandeaw, Aumphor Kangkoy, Saraburi Province
The objective of this study was to analyze factors which reduced costs of animal rations in Tumbon Tandeaw, Aumphor Kangkoy, Saraburi Province, Thailand during January 2014-May 2016 by Participatory Action Research, PAR. A bottom-up approach was used to develop cattle system for farmers in Tumbon Tandeaw community. This was a supply chain of cattle farmers to beef consumers. The cattle were fed in grassland and cheap carbohydrate to develop muscle and body frame before selling to feedlot. The members in the farmers’families were used as labor. According to traditional farm management, the serious problems were costs of productions, quality of rations, and marketing.
The study found the economic and social of smallholders who had maximum 50 cattle in a farm. According to traditional agricultural management, farmers would not record costs of production. The farmers were not interested in accountant. Farmers always ordered ingredients for the rations individually. This caused high costs of productions and they could not produce animal rations for their farms because they did not have plan. The first step of the study found the community had leaders who could deliver knowledge and information to the farmer community. Second, this agricultural concept was surveyed. Third, knowledge and practice was extension to farmers. Forth, farmers in the community participated and practiced the cattle management. Farmers’practices were evaluated and the model of cattle’ farm was created for community sustainability in the community.
The results showed the extension service could reduce costs of the production was below traditional system 8.10-5.33%, which depended upon season. Also, the insufficient forage crops supply for cattle was serious problems. Thus, the extension to increasing forage crops using in own farms and group participation were necessary. This model would be sources of knowledge and of healthy community relationship.
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