The Impacts of the New Normal in Education on College Students: A Case Study of Ramkhamhaeng University’s students

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Wannaphong Durongkaveroj


The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has forced educational institution to shift to 100-percent online instruction. This study aims to investigate the effects of online instruction caused by the pandemic on academic outcomes, working, and expectation on labor market. The outcomes of interest include 1) GPA, 2) study hours,
3) delayed graduation, 4) withdrawing from classes, 5) intending to change majors, 6) working hours per week, 7) income per week, 8) family member losing income or being unemployed, 9) reservation wage, and 10) chance to work as government officer. From a survey of 100 students at Ramkhamhaeng University, it is found that shifting to online instruction during the pandemic impacts not only students’ learning outcomes but also expectations towards labor market. The findings indicate a 0.17-point decline in GPA and 4-hour decrease in study hours per two weeks. Students also significantly delay graduation, withdraw courses, and change major. Regarding labor market, this outbreak has lowered students’ reservation wages and students are increasingly interested to work as government officer. In addition, other impacts are not statistically significant.


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