An Analysis of Students’ Attitudes by Using Word Frequency and Word Cloud Visualization


  • Montarat Rungruangthum Rajamangala University of Technology Phra Nakhon
  • Nopamat Hongsacha
  • Thipwimol Wangkaewhiran


ภาพกลุ่มคำ, ข้อมูลเชิงคุณภาพ, ภาษาไทย


This research aims to investigate the use of word frequency and word cloud visualization to analyze qualitative data in Thai, and to examine the students’ attitudes towards the training course of developing English language skills for teaching in English program, Faculty of Education, Rajabhat Rajanagarindra University. The samples in this study were the second- to the fourth-year university students in digital technology for education. These 51 participants (7 male and 44 female) were selected by using convenience sampling. The research instrument used for data collection was open-ended questionnaire asking the students’ attitudes towards participating in the training course, divided into two parts: the first part included general information, and the second part concerned feedback on the training course of developing English language skills, knowledge application of English language skills, problems, and suggestions. The data obtained from the questionnaire were prepared and analyzed by using “WordItOut”, which was compatible to Thai. The results of the study showed that word frequency and word cloud analysis could be used for Thai to summarize an overall students’ attitudes. The participants with positive attitude enjoyed learning and were aware the importance of English language for TOEIC test preparation and future careers. The students also added that the English language training should be extended longer.


ไทยโพสต์. (2564). 'ตรีนุช' ชะลอใช้'หลักสูตรฐานสมรรถนะ'อย่างเต็มระบบ ใช้วิธีแบ่งระยะทดลองนำร่องออกเป็น3ปี (2565-67). สืบค้นจาก สืบค้นเมื่อวันที่ 17 ธันวาคม 2564
สำนักงานคณะกรรมการการศึกษาขั้นพื้นฐาน. (2564). หลักสูตรสมรรถนะ. สืบค้นจาก สืบค้นเมื่อวันที่ 9 ธันวาคม 2564
สำนักงานเลขาธิการสภาการศึกษา. (2562). เเนวทางการพัฒนาสมรรถนะผู้เรียนระดับการศึกษาขั้นพื้นฐาน. กลุ่มมาตรฐานการศึกษา สำนักมาตรฐานการศึกษาและพัฒนาการเรียนรู้
Aroonmanakun, W., (2002). Word Segmentation (Version 2.03) [Computer Software].
Department of Linguistics, Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand. Available from
Bromley, K. (2013). Using word clouds in the classroom. The Utah Journal of Literacy,
16(1), 39-41.
Calle-Alonso, F., Cuenca-Guevara, A., de la Mata Lara, D., Sánchez-Gómez, J. M., Vega-
Rodríguez, M. A., & Sánchez, C. J. P. (2017). NeuroK: A Collaborative e-Learning
platform based on Pedagogical Principles from Neuroscience. CSEDU (1), 550-555.
Chi, M. T., Lin, S. S., Chen, S. Y., Lin, C. H., & Lee, T. Y. (2015). Morphable word clouds for
time-varying text data visualization. IEEE transactions on visualization and
computer graphics, 21(12), 1415-1426.
DePaolo, C. A., & Wilkinson, K. (2014). Get your head into the clouds: Using word clouds
for analyzing qualitative assessment data. TechTrends, 58(3), 38-44.
Eniedo, (2021). WordItOut [Web-based program]. Available from
Haruechaiyasak, C., Kongyoung, S., & Dailey, M. (2008, May). A comparative study on Thai
word segmentation approaches. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology, 125-128.

Kabir, A. I., Ahmed, K., & Karim, R. (2020). Word Cloud and Sentiment Analysis of Amazon
Earphones Reviews with R Programming Language. Informatica Economica, 24(4),
Khamngoen, S., Seehamat, L., & Khongjaroen, K. P. (2020). The Knowledge Synthesis of
English Teaching Based on Content and Language Integrated Learning Approach (CLIL). Journal of Roi Et Rajabhat University, 14(1), 249-260.
McNaught, C., & Lam, P. (2010). Using Wordle as a supplementary research tool.
Qualitative Report, 15(3), 630-643.
Milum, J. (2018). SAS® Visual Analytics: Text Analytics Using Word Clouds [Online].
Available from
Ratanapitakdhada, C., Charuenkul, N., & Siribanpitak, P. (2021). Academic Management
Strategies Based on Content and Language Integrated Learning and English Competency of Secondary Students. Journal of Education Studies, 49(2), EDUCU4902001-14.
Sellars, B. B., Sherrod, D. R., & Chappel-Aiken, L. (2018). Using word clouds to analyze
qualitative data in clinical settings. Nursing management, 49(10), 51-53.
Uitdenbogerd, A. L. (2019). World cloud: A prototype data choralification of text
documents. Journal of New Music Research, 48(3), 253-263.
Wang, Y., Chu, X., Bao, C., Zhu, L., Deussen, O., Chen, B., & Sedlmair, M. (2017).
EdWordle [Web-based program]. Available from
Wile, S. (2021). Wordsift [Web-based program]. Available from




How to Cite

Rungruangthum, M., Hongsacha, N., & Wangkaewhiran, T. (2022). An Analysis of Students’ Attitudes by Using Word Frequency and Word Cloud Visualization. Education and Communication Technology Journal, 17(22), 63–77. Retrieved from



Research & Academic Articles