The Impact of Grammatical and Syntactic Knowledge on Writing Improvement
The purposes of this research were to investigate the improvement in grammatical andsyntactic knowledge resulted from integrating grammar and syntax exercises in paragraph writing activities; the correlation between grammatical and syntactic knowledge and writing achievement; and the effect of grammatical and syntactic knowledge on writing effectiveness, in terms of fluency and accuracy. The participants of this study were 31 third year English majored teacher students from the Faculty of Education enrolling Formal Paragraph Writing Course in the first semester of the academic year 2017. Research instruments included 2 grammar pre-tests and post-tests, and paragraph writing pre-test and post-test. Data were analyzed by percentage, mean, standard deviation, paired samples t-test, and Pearson product-moment correlation. The study found that grammar knowledge of students in both discreate points and syntax were significantly improved at the .05 level of statistic. The positive correlation between grammar scores and paragraph scores was found significant at the .05 level of statistic. Grammatical and syntactic knowledge had a positive impact on writing fluency and accuracy among students in the medium-grade and high-grade groups. Keywords: Grammatical Knowledge, Syntactic Knowledge, Writing Improvement, Writing Fluency, Writing Accuracy
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