Factors and Guidelines to Propel The Operation of In-School Supervision for Small Secondary Schools under The Office of The Basic Education Commission



  • Pakornpong Inthongkaew


The purposes of this research were 1) to study factors of the operation of
in-school supervision for small secondary schools; 2) to propose guidelines for propelling factors of the operation of in-school supervision for small secondary schools under the Office of the Basic Education Commission. The sample consisted of 285 small secondary schools under the Office of the Basic Education Commission; the 855 respondents, including school director, deputy director of the academic department, and head of in-school supervision; 13 interviewees. The research tools were questionnaires and interviews. The data were analyzed by mean, percentage, standard deviation, and content analysis.          

          The results revealed that overall factors of the operation of in-school supervision for small secondary schools were at a high level. The factors that had the highest level were human resources, motivation, and administration. The guidelines for propelling the human resources factor were planning supervision plans; using peer supervision technique; selecting teachers who had interpersonal skills; assigning teachers to engage with the PLC. The guidelines for propelling motivation factor were supporting teachers to build a friendly relationship; holding regular meetings; providing rewards to honor; imposing clear policies. Finally, the guidelines for propelling the administration factor were managing the structure to be decentralized; supporting teachers to realize the significance of in-school supervision and participate in it; appointing a supervisory committee responsible for monitoring in-school supervision.


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