Teaching Thai Language in Refugee Camps along Thai-Myanmar Border

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Pimjai Mestsuksai


This paper aims to find out usefulness and effectiveness of teaching Thai language in Myanmar refugee camps along Thai-Myanmar border as perceived by the trainees and the refugees. Enable to get a positive perception of the trainees that learning Thai language is useful for them, an effective teaching method must be constructed. To meet the objectives, an assessment on teaching Thai language was made in the 8 refugee camps. The sample size was 240. There were two parts in the questionnaire. The first part dealt with the demographic variables and the second part dealt with the perceptions of the respondents on usefulness and effectiveness of the literacy training that they were attending.   

Simple statistics, for demographic variables such as gender, aged groups, length of stay, skills in reading and writing and levels, mean, and percentage, was used to find out the perception of the respondents in different levels. A pair sample test and one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used to compare the responses of the respondents in different levels on usefulness and effectiveness of the training.

It was found out that main reason for higher drop-out rate, which is considered to be an indicator of ineffectiveness of teaching, was due to the trainees interested in resettlement in a third countries. This problem was also happened in in the camp formal schools. If we consider the effectiveness and usefulness of Thai language training accordingly with the performance of the trainees, it was found out that skills of the trainees of all levels in reading and writing skills was in average. It means that teaching process of this project could not significantly improve the skills of trainees after attending a certain level.


For further study, researchers should focus on the ways of life of the refugees who could not attend the basic education in their country and lack of enthusiasm in learning literacy. It means that teaching and learning process should be changed accordingly with their concepts.


Article Details

How to Cite
Mestsuksai, P. . . (2020). Teaching Thai Language in Refugee Camps along Thai-Myanmar Border. Dusit Thani College Journal, 12(3), 569–582. Retrieved from https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/journaldtc/article/view/240989
Research Article


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