Main Article Content
The purpose of this correlational descriptive research was to examine the causal relationship model of strategic leadership with innovation management and organizational performance of private universities in Thailand. The conceptual framework of this research was synthesized from organizational performance involving strategic leadership and innovation management. A descriptive research methodology was employed in the study to find the relationships.
The samples were 358 administrators of Thailand’s private universities selected by the simple sampling method. A 5-rating scale questionnaire was used as a research tool. The reliability of the questionnaire was checked with an alpha coefficient of 0.91. Statistics used to analyze data include frequency, percentage, average, and standard deviation. Structural equation modelling was analyzed through path analysis. The research findings revealed that the relationship model among strategic leadership, innovation management, and organizational performance of private universities was matched with the empirical data (= 308.38, df = 259, p-value = 0.19, /df = 1.19, GFI = 0.94, AGFI = 0.92, RMSEA = 0.02, RMR = 0.01, CFI = 0.99). Strategic leadership has a direct influence on innovation management (= 0.77, p-value < 0.05), and has a direct influence on the performance of the university (= 0.51, p-value < 0.05). Innovation management has a direct influence on the performance of the university (= 0.43, p-value < 0.05). Along with innovation management, strategic leadership has an indirect influence on the performance of the universities (= 0.84, p-value < 0.05).
The research indicates that strategic leadership and innovation management are important factors for organizational performance. Thus, to efficiently administer the university’s courses, it is suggested that, administrators should have strategic leadership skills, bring in or produce innovation, and create more desirable learning management which will eventually lead to better organizational performance.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
All submitted articles are subject to academic validation by qualified experts (peer review). The opinions expressed in each article of this publication are those of the authors themselves. The editorial board holds no responsibilities on them and does not reserve the copyright for academic use with the condition that the reference of their origin is cited.
Adair, J. (2010). Strategic Leadership: How to think and plan strategically and provide direction. London: Pan Macmillan.
Al-Husseini, S. J. H. (2014). The impact of leadership style on innovation in Iraq’s Higher Education Institutions: The role of knowledge sharing (Doctoral dissertation). Plymouth University, Plymouth, UK.
Boal, K. B., & Schultz, P. L. (2007). Storytelling, time, and evolution: The role of strategic leadership in complex adaptive systems. The Leadership Quarterly, 18(4), 411-428.
Boonrat, A. (2014). The roadmap for developing image of private universities in Thailand. (Doctoral dissertation). Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla. [in Thai]
Chatbenjanun, J. (2015). Causal relationship model of the factors affecting trait strategic leadership of administrators under primary educational service area office. (Doctoral dissertation). Valay Alongkorn Rajabhat University under the Royal Patronage, Pathum Thani. [in Thai]
Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, R. M. (2008). Structural equation modeling: Guidelines for determining model fit. Electronic Journal on Business Research Methods, 6(1), 53-60.
Khienchananaj, T., & Smarnyad, S. (2017). Causal factors affecting the effectiveness of Private Higher Education Institutions. Journal Social Science, MCU, 6(2), 227-240. [in Thai]
Kitonga, D. M. (2017). Strategic leadership practices and organizational performance in not-for-profit organizations in Nairobi county in Kenya (Doctoral dissertation). Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi.
Maziti, L., Chinyamurindi, W., & Marange, C. (2018). The relationship between strategic leadership, innovation performance and competitive advantage amongst a sample of small businesses in South Africa. Journal of Contemporary Management, 15(1), 368-394.
Miller, B. A. (2007). Assessing organizational performance in Higher Education. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.
Ministry of Higher Education, Science, Research and Innovation. (2019). Policy and strategy for higher education, science, research and innovation 2020-2027 and science, research and innovation plan. Retrieved from https://www.mhesi.go.th/home/ index.php/aboutus/stg-policy/930-2563-2570 [in Thai]
Namtip, S., & Khongmalai, O. (2015). The impact of service innovation to competitive advantage in higher education. SDU Research Journal Humanities and Social Science, 11(2), 42-59. [in Thai]
National Statistical Office of Thailand. (2019). Summary of the survey of working conditions of the population in February 2019. Retrieved from http://www.nso.go.th/sites/2014/ DocLib13/ด้านสังคม/สาขาแรงงาน/ภาวะการทำงานของประชากร/2562/Report_02-62.pdf [in Thai]
Office of the Higher Education Commission. (2017). The situation of graduates are employed. Retrieved from http://www.employ.mua.go.th/ [in Thai]
Office of the Ministry of Higher Education, Science, Research and Innovation. (2018). Higher education statistics. Retrieved from http://www.info.mua.go.th/information/show_all_statdata_table.php?data_show=2 [in Thai]
Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2008). Nursing research: Generating and assign evidence for nursing practice (8th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott.
Polsarum, P. (2019, July 25). Deputy dean of Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University. (interview) [in Thai]
Ramlall, S. (2012). Human resource management in Saudi Arabia. International Business & Economics Research Journal, 11(10), 1155-1159.
Sakrungpongsakul, S. (2019, August 16). Dean of Faculty of Business Administration, Panyapiwat Institute of Management. (interview) [in Thai]
Sansuk, J. (2014). Antecedents and consequence of strategic leadership capabilities of Higher Education Institute in Thailand. Journal of the Association of Researchers, 19(1), 34-46. [in Thai]
Shisia, A., Sang, W., Matoke, J., & Omwario, B. N. (2014). Strategic innovation and performance of public universities in Kenya. European Journal of Business and Management, 6(23), 2222-2839.
Songkramsri, S., U-on, V., & Teerathanachaiyakun, K. (2016). Relationship model of strategic leadership effectiveness human resource management and performance of Thai Vocational Education Institute. Suranaree Journal, 10(1), 41-64. [in Thai]
Srisa-an, C. (2019, July 30). Dean of College of Digital Innovation and Information Technology, Rangsit University. (interview) [in Thai]
Tavisapakit, P. (2015). The influence of leadership identity, knowledge management, technology and innovation management on the performance of listed companies in the market for alternative investment of Thailand (Doctoral dissertation). Ramkhamhaeng University, Bangkok. [in Thai]
Tidd, J., & Bessant, J. (2014). Management innovation (5th ed.). West Sussex: Wiley.
Walker, R. M., Damanpour, F., & Devece, C. A. (2010). Management innovation and organizational performance: The mediating effect of performance management. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 21(1), 367-386.
Yamane, T. (1973). Taro statistic : An introductory analysis. New York: Harper & Row.
Yongsorn, C. (2017). Educational waste affects the quality of graduates of Thai higher education. Journal of Education: Faculty of Education, Srinakharinwirot University, 18(1), 1-9. [in Thai]
Yusuf, R. M., Hamzah, M. G., & Tikson, S. D. (2017). Strategic leadership, good governance: Analysis and the effect to performance. Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research, 40(1), 214-218.