Guidelines for Development of Graduate Curriculum in Vocational Education for Human Resource Development

Main Article Content

Tawica Mekarkakorn


This research objectives were 1) To survey the needs for further study in vocational education for human resource development and 2) To suggest guidelines for the development of graduate programs in Vocational Education for Human Resource Development. The research was survey research which there are 2 phases; phase 1, survey the need for further study. The population consisted of 1) teachers/personnel in vocational education, and 2) others working in related fields in Bangkok and surrounding vicinities, 507 people. The instruments used in the research included questionnaires. The data were analyzed using frequency mean and percentages. Phase 2, finding guidelines for curriculum development by the quantitative method, the population were several graduates, 20 people. Using the tool as a questionnaire, analyze data with mean and percentage. And using guideline for focus group discussion that comprising a representative group of graduates, graduate students, education professionals. The data were analyzed by content analysis. The study found that after-work graduate-level education and short-term courses are in demand. Related considerations are fees, location, courses, and availability. Furthermore, with the study identified needs for more flexibility, accessibility, and increased course credits, along with the need to develop processing, writing, research, creativity, and innovation skills to comply with the national strategy.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Mekarkakorn , T. . . (2020). Guidelines for Development of Graduate Curriculum in Vocational Education for Human Resource Development . Dusit Thani College Journal, 14(3), 461–478. Retrieved from
Research Article


Bulpakdi, Buntarika. (2018). An Analysis of Trends in Curriculum Development for Doctoral Program in Vocational Education Leadership. Journal of Education Studies. 46(3), 118 – 135. (in Thai)
Boyle, T., Bradley, C., Chalk, P., Jones, R. & Pickard, P. (2003). Using blended learning to improve student success rates in learning to program. Journal of Educational Media, 28(2-3), 165-178.
Buasri, Tumrong. (1999). Curriculum Theory: Design and Development. Bangkok: Thanatat Printing. (in Thai)
Darbavasu, Sajeewan. (2005). Curriculum and Basic Education Management. Bangkok:
Faculty of Education, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University. (in Thai)
GINFO. (2016). Departments in Public organization. (online). Retrieve from: Access date: 15 December 2018. (in Thai)
__________. (2016). Departments in various ministries. (online). Retrieve from: Access date: 15 December 2018. (in Thai)
Good, C. V., (1973). Dictionary of education. New York: McGraw-Hill.
In-Klai, Lookkhwan., Jitgaroon, Phongluck., and Pongajarn, Wiraporn. (2017). Guidelines for Developing on the Curriculum Development Process of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University according to Thai Qualifications Framework for Higher Education : TQF 2009 and the Curriculum Standards of Higher Education 2015. The 17th Graduate Studies of Northern Rajabhat University Network Conference. 305 – 316. (in Thai)
King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok. (2017). Master of Science in Technical Education Program in Vocational and Technical Education Management (Revise B.E. 2560). (Copy document). (in Thai)
__________. (2017). Doctor in Philosophy Program in Vocational and Technical Education Management (Revise B.E. 2560). (Copy document). (in Thai)
Kitnuntaviwat, Virut. (2013). Factors Affecting the Needs for Pursuing Further Study in a Master of Education Degree, Majoring in Business and Vocational Education, at Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University: A Multiple Discriminant Analysis. Sripatum Review of Humanities and Social Sciences. 13(1), 20-33. (in Thai)
Ministry of Education. (2017). Higher Education Standard Curriculum 2018 and Relevant Standards. (online). Retrieve from: %20Curr-2558-Book.pdf. Access date: 15 November 2018. (in Thai)

Niramol, Khunarnan., Chumruksa, Chatchawan. and Sae-tae, Kanchai. (2017). Need of pursuing doctoral degree in Education Technology and Communication Faculty of Education, Thaksin University. Thaksin University Library Journal. 6(1), 164 – 193. (in Thai)
Oliva, P. F. (2009). Developing the curriculum. (7th ed). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Phramaha Sutas Nakkarnrian and (2015). The Action of Thai Qualifications Framework for Higher Education: Problems Barrier Adjustment and Improvement. Bangkok: Academic Affairs Division Mahachulalongkornrajavidayalaya University. (in Thai)
Pluemsamran, Tawut. (2010). Research report: the needs to study in doctoral level,
Faculty of Physical Education, Srinakharinwirot University. (online).
Retrieve from: swufac/Phy_Ed/Tawut_P_R407371.pdf.
Access date: 20 May 2019. (in Thai)
Polsaram, Pansak. (2006). Trend in Research and Educational Development for the Future. Bangkok: Office of the Education Council, Ministry of Education. (in Thai)
Pupan, Sunee. (2003). The basic concepts of creating and development. Chiang Mai:
The Knowledge Center. (in Thai)
Ritcharoon, Pichit (2015). Curriculum Evaluation: Approaches, Procedures, and Its Utility.
STOU Education Journal. 8(1), 13 – 28. (in Thai)
Srisung, Patcharee. (2011). Basic Knowledge of School Curriculum Development. Journal of Social Sciences Srinakharinwirot University. 12(January-December), 91 – 104.
(in Thai)
Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University. (2019). Master of Education in Curriulum and Instruction division in Major of Vocational Education and Occupation. (online). Retrieve from: courses/Master_62/educa_62.asp# career_mas. Access date: 25 May 2019. (in Thai)
Suwan, Sumit. and Chumnongnart, Chantima. (2011). The Upper Level Study Requirement in Graduated Level of Teacher and Educational Personnel in The Western part of Thailand (Research Report). Nakhon Pathom: Kasetsart University Kamphaeng Saen Campus. (in Thai)
Taba, H., (1962). Curriculum development: Theory and practice. New York:
Harcourt, Brace & World.
Taweerat, Puangrat. (1997). Research Methods in Behavioral Science and Social. Bangkok: Srinakharinwirot Prasarnmit University. (in Thai)
Thumbumroong, San. (1984). Curriculum and Curriculum Management. Bangkok:
Kriengsak Printing. (in Thai)
Tyler, R. W. (1969). Basic principle of curriculum and instruction. Chicago: University of
Chicago press.
Vimolratphanya, Panit. (1996). An analysis of teachers' and educational personnels' needs for further study in a master of education degree, twilight program, majoring in educational research, Bangkok Metropolis and vicinities. Master Thesis, Education Research Department, faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University. (in Thai)
Vocational Education Commission. (2018). List of Educational Institutions affiliated with VEC. (online). Retrieve from:หน่วยงานในสังกัด/สถานศึกษาในสังกัดสอศ. Access date: 15 December 2018. (in Thai)
Wongyai, Wichai. (2009). Encyclopedia of the Professional Teacher in Honor of His Majesty the King On the auspicious occasion of the 80th Birthday Anniversary. Bangkok: Secretariat Office of the Teachers Council of Thailand. (in Thai)